Writing a dissertation
The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Structure of a dissertation with two fairly disjoint topics Ask Question. Asked 3 years, 9 months ago. Active 9 months ago. Viewed times. How should I structure the dissertation. I was thinking about having two parts, as follows: Ch. In addition, would including an introduction and conclusion for each part be appropriate?
Erik M Erik M 1, 3 3 gold badges 9 9 silver badges 17 17 bronze badges. Looks good to me - I think you are free to do what you find appropriate - ask your advisor. I had three different chapters in my thesis, with different themes What is the area of study? For Computer Science, at least, this would likely not be a good structure.
In this case it seems like you would need to cover prior works for both themes. Do you also have two thesis statements? How to structure a dissertation proposal presentation of background data consider presenting this in tables and figures instead of text only Results: This section gives a general description of the study and presents the findings, including what answers were found to the how to structure dissertation questions the data, which are often presented in figures and tables with corresponding captions.
When publishing in a journal, the instructions to authors will provide details on how to present tables and figures. Discussion: This chapter demonstrates your scientific creativity, thoroughness, knowledge and overview of the subject.
The findings obtained must be discussed within the context and approach you have chosen, and in relation to findings by other scientists.
Writing your dissertation introduction, conclusion and abstract - Oxbridge Essays
Focus on and broadly discuss important or extraordinary results and conclusions. What do the results show? Are the tested hypotheses true? What are the perspectives for future research? Should your introduction include … your research question? This is one of the major issues for the introduction. An explanation of your research question, including definition of focus, research context, discussion of relevance and possible hypotheses should be presented at the very beginning of your dissertation.
In some disciplines, personal motivation and participation of the author in the design of the study might be a part of the introduction, especially when this is methodologically relevant. In the vast majority of dissertations, however, personal involvement is not mentioned in the introduction, but instead in a preface. Remember that your reader is not interested in your person, but in the results of your research.
You can provide a brief outline of your methods in the introduction, but a detailed discussion of methodology should be reserved for a chapter of its own in the dissertation. In article-based dissertations, the introduction is more comprehensive and is a suitable place for a more detailed treatment of methodological issues. The introduction is reserved for issues concerning the dissertation.
Acknowledgements belong in a preface. You can discuss key theoretical concepts in the introduction, but keep how to structure a dissertation proposal mind that this should be an introductory text.
A detailed discussion of theory should be reserved for a separate chapter in the dissertation. If you are writing an article-based dissertation, however, the introduction can be more comprehensive and a suitable place for a detailed treatment how to structure dissertation theoretical issues. Usually the results are presented in the concluding part of the dissertation.
In some disciplines, however, the introduction provides an account of the research process, expected outcomes and even the results of the research. Take a look at other dissertations in your field of research to find out more about standards for introductions. Whether your literature review will be comprehensive or selective will depend on the topic and form of your dissertation and the standards in your discipline. By identifying the current state of research and possible gaps, your review of literature can serve as an introductory part of your dissertation, but if it is done in a more comprehensive or systematic manner, the literature review should have a chapter of its own.
In article-based dissertations, one article often represents what is an essay thesis literature review for the dissertation. The overview of the structure of the dissertation is a crucial part of the introduction. Your reader wants to know what he can expect of your research, and for you the overview is an opportunity to explain the progression of your study, your line of reasoning and possibly the progress of your research project.
The very first sentence and paragraph of your dissertation should ideally make the reader curious to read your dissertation and follow your arguments. It depends on the specific academic discipline how this can be done.
It might be acceptable to use an apt quotation and begin by explaining this, or to show the relevance of your topic by providing an observation of current interest. Check other dissertations in your field of research to learn about the rhetorical strategies used in introductions.
Introductory chapters in article-based dissertations The introductory chapter in an article-based dissertation serves both as a synopsis and a contextualization for the journal articles that have been submitted as part of the dissertation. Commonly, the introductory chapter gives a synopsis of the articles submitted for dissertation, containing an introduction to the overall dissertation a literature review the theoretical how to structure a dissertation proposal of the dissertation an account of methodological choices a summary of the individual articles of the dissertation a discussion of results and overall conclusion a reference list Check for detailed information in the guidelines and handbooks for Phds in your institution.
Two examples: Guidelines for the introductory chapter of article-based dissertations at the Faculty of Humanities, University how to structure a dissertation Oslo Guidance on requirements relating to doctoral theses for the PhD degree in the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen. Meta-information The meta-information about each article makes your dissertation searchable and retrievable. Title: The title is essential; a good title is informative, yet catchy. The title has to be focused and specific enough to indicate the content of the article.
Though it can be tempting to play around and find a unique title, journal editors might be sceptical of this, and it may also mean that other researchers will overlook your article as its focus is easily obscured and your research will thus pass unnoticed. Authors, addresses and affiliations: Supply the names and addresses of all authors.
Indicate clearly who is the corresponding author of the how to structure a dissertation. There are ethical aspects to consider when discussing co-authorship. What constitutes authorship and co-authorship varies between disciplines and fields of research. An author may have more than one affiliation; if so, this should be clearly indicated. A typical example would be both the employer institution and the institution funding your research.
Keywords: These are given by the authors and the journal. The keywords are essential in retrieving the paper from a literature search. Take careful deliberations when deciding on your keywords; both your subject matter and your intended audience can influence your choice of keywords. It is up to you: you might not have that much time. Then try switching to something different: you might do some other homework, go for a walk in a park, do some physical exercises, or even read a non-fiction book.
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Acknowledgements: This part of dissertation acknowledges the contribution of others throughout the dissertation especially the help of supervisor. Introduces the topic, the subject, the research aims and methodology and the dissertation structure. This chapter also sets up the research questions. This chapter of dissertation structure outlines the aims of the research and the ways to meet them. This chapter also gives review of varieties of methodological probabilities dealing with primary and secondary data collection and methods of analysis.Generally speaking, a dissertation is judged as to whether or not it makes an original and unique contribution to scholarship.
Lesser projects a master's thesis, for example are judged by whether or not they demonstrate mastery of available scholarship in the presentation of an idea.
The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis may vary significantly among universities or programs. One of the requirements for certain advanced degrees is often an oral examination called a viva voce examination or just viva in the UK and certain other English-speaking countries.
This examination normally occurs after the dissertation is finished but before it is submitted to the university, and may comprise a presentation often public by the student and questions posed by an examining committee or jury. In North America, an initial oral examination in the field of specialization may take place just before the student settles down to work on the dissertation.
An additional oral exam may take place after the dissertation is completed and is known as a thesis or dissertation " defense ", which at some universities may be a mere formality and at others may result in the student being required to make significant revisions.
The result of the examination may be given immediately following deliberation by the examiners in which case the candidate may immediately be considered to have received his or her degreeor at a later date, in which case the examiners may prepare a defense report that is forwarded to a Board or Committee of Postgraduate Studies, which then officially recommends the candidate for the degree. At most North American institutions the latter two verdicts are extremely rare, for two reasons.
First, to obtain the status of doctoral candidates, graduate students typically write a qualifying examination or comprehensive examination, which often includes an oral how to structure dissertation. Students who pass the qualifying examination are deemed capable of completing scholarly work independently and are allowed to proceed with working on how to structure dissertation dissertation.
Second, since the thesis supervisor and the other members of the advisory committee will normally have reviewed the thesis extensively before recommending the student proceed to the defense, such an outcome would be regarded how to structure a dissertation a major failure not only on the part of the candidate but also by the candidate's supervisor who should have recognized the substandard quality of the dissertation long before the defense was allowed to take place.
It is also fairly rare for a thesis to be accepted without any revisions; the most common outcome of a defense is for the examiners to specify minor revisions which the candidate typically completes in a few days or weeks. At universities on the British pattern it is not uncommon for theses at the viva stage to be subject to major revisions in which a substantial rewrite is required, sometimes followed by a new viva.
Very rarely, the thesis may be awarded the lesser degree of M. Phil Master of Philosophy instead, preventing the candidate from resubmitting the thesis. In Australia, doctoral theses are usually examined by three examiners although some, like the Australian Catholic University and the University of New South Waleshave shifted to using only two examiners; without a live defense except in extremely rare exceptions.
In the case of a master's degree by research the thesis is usually examined by only two examiners. Typically one of how to structure a dissertation examiners will be from within the candidate's own department; the other s will usually be from other universities and often from overseas. Following submission of the thesis, copies are sent by mail to examiners and then reports sent back to the institution. Similar to a master's degree by research thesis, a thesis for the research component of a master's degree by coursework is also usually examined by two examiners, one from the candidate's department and one from another university.
For an Honours year, which is a fourth year in addition to the usual three-year bachelor's degree, the thesis is also examined by two examiners, though both are usually from the candidate's own department. Honours and Master's theses sometimes require an oral defense before they are accepted. In Germany, a thesis is usually examined with an oral examination. This applies to almost all DiplomMagistermaster's and doctoral degrees as well as to most bachelor's executive order 9066 essay. However, a process that allows for revisions of the thesis is usually only implemented for doctoral degrees.
There are several different kinds of oral examinations used in practice. The Disputationalso called Verteidigung "defense"is usually public at least to members of the university and is focused on the topic of the thesis. In contrast, the Rigorosum is not held in public and also encompasses fields in addition to the topic of the thesis. The Rigorosum is only common for doctoral degrees.
Another term for an oral examination is Kolloquiumwhich generally refers to a usually public scientific discussion and is often used synonymously with Verteidigung. In each case, what exactly is expected differs between universities and between faculties.
Some universities also demand a combination of several of these forms. Like the British model, the PHD or MPhil student is required to submit their theses or dissertation for examination by two or three examiners.
The first examiner is from the university concerned, the second examiner is from another local university and the third examiner is from a suitable foreign university usually from Commonwealth countries. The choice of examiners must be approved by the university senate.
In some public universities, a PhD or MPhil candidate may also have to show a number publications in peer reviewed academic journals as part of the requirement. An oral viva is conducted after the examiners have submitted their reports to the university.
The oral viva session is attended by the Oral Viva chairman, a rapporteur with a PhD qualification, the first examiner, the second examiner and sometimes the third examiner.
How to structure a dissertation proposal
Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses to examine their PhD or MPhil candidates. In the Philippines, a thesis is followed by an oral defense. In most universities, this applies to all bachelor, master, and doctorate degrees.
However, the oral defense is held in once per semester usually in the middle or by the end with a presentation of revisions so-called "plenary presentation" at the end of each semester. The oral defense is typically not held in public for bachelor and master oral defenses, however a colloquium is held for doctorate degrees. Typical duration for the total exam is 1 hour 30 minutes for the MSc and 3 hours for the PhD.
In North America, the thesis defense or oral defense is how to structure a dissertation final examination for doctoral candidates, and sometimes for master's candidates. The examining committee normally consists of the thesis committee, usually a given number of professors mainly from the student's university plus his or her primary supervisor, an external examiner someone not otherwise connected to the universityand a chair person.
Each committee member will have been given a completed copy of the dissertation prior to the defense, and will come prepared to ask questions about the thesis itself and the subject matter. In many schools, master's thesis defenses are restricted to the examinee and the examiners, but doctoral defenses are open to the public.
The typical format will see the candidate giving a short minute presentation of his or her research, followed by one to two hours of questions.
At some U. A student in Ukraine or Russia has to complete a thesis and then defend it in front of their department. Sometimes the defense meeting is made up of the learning institute's professionals and sometimes the students peers are allowed to view how to structure dissertation join in.
After the presentation and defense of the thesis, the final conclusion of the department should be that none of them have reservations on the content and quality of the thesis. A conclusion on the thesis has to be approved by the rector of the educational institute. The former Psycho essay alfred hitchcock de estudios avanzados DEA lasted two years and candidates were required to complete coursework and demonstrate their ability to research the specific topics they have studied.
From on, these courses were replaced by academic Master's programmes that include specific training on epistemology, and scientific methodology.
Dissertation Structure - How to structure dissertation & proposal
After its completion, students are able to enrol in a specific PhD programme programa de doctorado and begin a dissertation on a set topic for a maximum time of three years full-time and five years part-time. All students must have a full professor as an academic advisor director de how to structure dissertation and a tutor, who is usually the same person. A dissertation tesis doctoralwith an average of pages, is the main requisite along with typically one previously published journal article.
Once candidates have published their written dissertations, they will be evaluated by two external academics evaluadores externos and subsequently it is usually exhibited publicly for fifteen natural days. After its approval, candidates must defend publicly their research before a three-member committee tribunal with at least one visiting academic: chair, secretary and member presidentesecretario y vocal.
A typical public Thesis Defence defensa lasts 45 minutes and all attendants holding a doctoral degree are suitable to ask questions. In Hong Kong, Ireland and the United Kingdom, the thesis defense is called a viva voce Latin for "by live voice" examination viva for short.
How to structure a dissertation
We use this template at WritePass when assisting students with their dissertations and in particular writing dissertation chapters. We hope you benefit strongly from it as well.
Do not be descriptive in your literature review. For every one of 2 reviews on a particular subject, come up with equal critiques by opposing authors to have a balanced critique of the subject you are reviewing. For most sections of the methodology, you should include an appropriate rationale for why you chose to use that particular methodology over an opposing methodology. If you choose positivist over interpretivist, why did you do it?
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You must be a good storyteller to write a dissertation. In clear and straightforward terms, describe how you think your research will be useful or beneficial, both within and outside your field of study. Outline your plan of action if your program requires it. Some programs may require you to include a timeline for completing the different phases of your dissertation. This may be particularly important for dissertations that involve designing and how to structure a dissertation experiments or carrying out field research.
Be aware that your timeline may change as your work evolves and progresses-this is not meant to be a how to structure dissertation schedule for completing your work. As you write your timeline, keep in mind practical considerations such as time needed for making travel arrangements or securing equipment for experiments or fieldwork. Present a list of your sources. Like any research paper, your dissertation proposal will need to include a full bibliography.
This may depend on the requirements of your program or the complexity of your proposed research. Most dissertation proposals are pages long, however. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 3. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
While some graduate programs offer their students a great deal of freedom in the selection of dissertation topics, others may require you to do your research on a specific, pre-selected topic. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. Be prepared to revise your proposal more than once. Your committee chair and other committee members may have a variety of revisions and refinements to suggest.
Some programs may require you to give a brief presentation of your proposal before a group of faculty members and other members of the university community. Related wikiHows. More References About This Article. Christopher Taylor, PhD. Co-authors: Updated: December 3, Categories: Essays. Article Summary X To write a dissertation proposal, keep in mind that the exact length and guidelines for your proposal may vary depending on your program's rules, so it's a good idea to check with your advisor if you're not sure.
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