Employment Skills - Free Coursework from
This is all down to a reward system in the organisation. Teamwork- The reward system will increase the teamwork spirit in the organisation.
The reward system will promote teamwork to the employees. The employees will work together as part of a team to achieve their targets in return for rewards. Teamwork within the organisation will help increase efficiency and create a happier workplace. This is another reason why reward systems are important in business organisations.
There are several ways to classify rewards; the three most common types are as follows: Intrinsic Rewards Vs Extrinsic Rewards- Intrinsic rewards are the essay on employment relations satisfaction you get from the job itself eg having pride in essay on financial statements work, having a feeling of accomplishment or being part of a team. If an employee experiences feelings of achievement or personal growth from the job, this would be labelled as an intrinsic reward.
Extrinsic rewards would include money, promotions and other benefits. Extrinsic rewards are external to the job and come from an outside source, usually management. If an employee receives a salary increase or a promotion, this would be labelled as an extrinsic reward.
Financial Rewards Vs Non-Financial Rewards- Financial rewards are those that will enhance the employees financial well-being directly eg bonus, increase in wages and profit sharing schemes.
Performance-Based Rewards Vs Membership-Based Rewards- The rewards that a business organisation gives to their employees can be based on either their performance or membership criteria.
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Performance-based rewards are exemplified by the use of commissions, piecework pay plans, incentive schemes, essay on taxonomy bonuses, merit pay or other forms of pay for performance plans. Membership-based rewards would include cost of living increases, benefits and salary increase, seniority or time in rank, credentials or future potential. Tom Warner owned a plumbing, heating and air-conditioning business in Montgomery County,Maryland. In the early s, he faced a major problem.
His main customers were commercial property management businesses and they wanted to cut costs. Any possible idea that could I improve my writing test so I can get my desire score.
I hope you can help me with my problem. It is probably due to your level of English. Many students think that if they practice enough and learn tips, they will get a high score.
Your English must be the right level for the band score you want. Spend time working on developing a deeper understanding of vocabulary and grammar. Hello Liz Your website and ielts tips are simply amazing. I find it very much useful to prepare myself to do better in ielts.
In fact I gain confidence too. I gotta doubt, can you please clarify? Is it fine to include points or to list out when I write essay task 2. Thank you With regards Dass. Hi liz Thank you for your excellent work. Your website is very much useful. Can you please clarify my doubt? While writing essay task 2, is it fine to list the message as points by points numbering one by one instead of writing in a paragraph.
Your response is very much appreciated. Thank you Regards Dass David. No, definitely not. You are being marked on your ability to write complex sentences, not to write lists. Any lists you give will reduce your score a lot. That is the only time you can do it. No list of examples should be more than three in length. Hi Liz, Thank you for your quick response. I will prepare myself better for my Ielts ,with the help of your blog. With regards Dass. Thank you Liz for all the tips. My upcoming exam is scheduled on the 3rd week of October.
I just have one question. If I put a lot of complex sentences in my writing task 2 with the use of clauses, will I have a big chance of scoring a higher band?
To get band score 7 and above, you need to produce predominantly complex sentences in your writing. However, the band score is also based on accuracy. So, if you produce lots of complex sentences but they are full of errors, you will get a lower score. Always aim for accuracy above anything else in writing. You must improve your English.
Your English contains too many mistakes to get band score 6. While surfing the internet I found link of your website. Writing is major hindrance for me, I do many spelling mistakes as well. Please suggest some wise approach which I must follow. Currently my score is 3. Written according the war. Training material in particular have, and payments between legal and practice encompasses a review how to turn to make. Thread rating: urn: essay help, you to do my professional and that they are talking about.
Turnover more. Electronic programs. Disciplines as a law; e-mail friend; ralf braun dissertation services including human rights credits. In the most sense to. Assistance - dissertation award sample: best way for law assignment. Involve yourself in the group, make good decisions with others and support the outcomes.
Don't be narrow minded, listen to what others have to say and give your thoughts towards their comments. Be a leader not a loner in the group. Thiru Thirunavukarasu April 1, Employment Skills-5 Conclusion In conclusion I would like to say that all these skills I have discussed are critical to get, keep, and progress in a job and to achieve the best results possible for you.
Of these skills though academic skills would be the most important skills you will learn, I think. So if you keep at these skills you will be happy with what you are doing unlike a lot of people who are forced to get jobs that they do not like.
Top pages:. So I sat down with Laura and explained the situation-and said that in light of her spectacular service, we would give her a spectacular severance package. Out of fairness to such people-and, frankly, to help us overcome our discomfort with discharging them-we learned to offer rich severance packages. With these two overarching principles in mind, we shaped our approach to talent using the five tenets below. Over the years we learned that if we asked people to rely on logic and common sense instead of on formal policies, most of the time we would get better results, and at lower cost.
Adultlike behavior means talking openly about issues with your boss, your colleagues, and your subordinates. It means recognizing that even in companies with reams of HR policies, those policies are frequently skirted as managers and essay on economics reports work out what makes sense on a case-by-case basis.
When Netflix launched, we had a standard paid-time-off policy: People got 10 vacation days, 10 holidays, and a few sick days. After we went public, our auditors freaked. They said Essay on economics mandated that we account for time off. We considered instituting a formal tracking system. Essay on taxonomy instead essay on employment shifting to a formal system, we went in the opposite direction: Salaried employees were told to take whatever time they felt was appropriate.
Bosses and employees were asked to work it out with one another. Hourly workers in call centers and warehouses were given a more structured policy. We did provide some guidance. If you wanted 30 days off in a row, you needed to meet with HR. Senior leaders were urged to take vacations and to let people know about them-they were role models for the policy.
Most were happy to comply. Some people worried about whether the system would be inconsistent-whether some custom writings coupon code would allow tons of time off while others would be stingy. In general, I worried more about fairness than consistency, because the reality is that in any organization, the highest-performing and most valuable employees get more leeway.
We also departed from a formal travel and expense policy and decided to simply require adultlike behavior there, too. Eliminating a formal policy and forgoing expense account police shifted responsibility to frontline managers, where it belongs. It also reduced costs: Many large companies still use travel agents and pay their fees to book trips, as a way to enforce travel policies.
They could save money by letting employees book their own trips online. People often ignore their health and personal needs while taking care of their family and job. Moreover, it creates essay on taxonomy huge communication gap between the family members.
As a result, the urge of building and maintaining a relationship is deteriorating day by day. To rectify this issue, companies can provide flexible working hours to the employees. Additionally, employers can also provide the facility of child care and elder care to their staff.Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available. This free course, Employment relations and employee engagementbegan with a critical consideration of employee engagement in the context of employment relations; exploring the broader issues raised by both positive and negative conceptions of experience at work.
The concept of emotional labour was introduced as highlighting the complex challenges of these issues in practice. The course then considered the role of HRM in delivering effective employee engagement practices and policies as part of organisational-level employment relations processes. This was further explored through the case study of the New Zealand post office. An individual cannot work on his own, he needs people around.
If the organization is all empty, you will not feel like sitting there and working. An isolated environment demotivates an individual and spreads negativity around. It is essential that people are comfortable with each other and work together as a single unit towards a common goal. It my future goals essay important that employees share a healthy relation with each other at the work place.
Let us find out why employee relations are important in an organization:. There are several issues on which an individual cannot take decisions alone. He needs the guidance and advice of others as well. Engineers were required to design machinery for textiles, coal mining, etc.
Revolution in iron making. The engineers, who took charge of important task connected with the industrial change, could succeed in their work only if iron was cast in large quantities and was of fairly good quality. Use of power driven machines. Power driven machines were used in industry. It began with cotton spinning and weaving and, later on, spread to wool, silk etc. Rise of chemical industry. The application of power driven machines in textile mills made it necessary to develop bleaching, dyeing, finishing and printing processes to keep pace with the output of textile mills.
Development of coal mining. Coal was needed to refine pig iron and cast it into the form in which it was needed by the engineers. It was also needed for generation of steam power. Development of means of essay on economics.
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For regular supply of raw materials, etc. The development of the means of transport like railways and steamships constitutes the most important impact of the industrial revolution. Above you have seen the changes brought about by the industrial revolution so now going on a little further on the same topic let us discuss the effects industrial revolution had on the economic front.
Economic Effects of Industrial Revolution Industrial revolution brought about the following economic changes: i. Large Scale Production.
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The industrial revolution made mass production of goods possible by the use of power driven machinery in place of hand tools. Change of form of Ownership. Large-scale production increased the size of industrial enterprises sole proprietorship concerns expanded into partnership firms and further developed into joint-stock companies.
The evolution of joint stock companies was an important outcome of the industrial revolution. Industrialization led to a craze for specialization in every field because of development in the means of transport and communication. Different parts of the country and even different parts of the world specialized in producing or manufacturing different commodities or parts.
Specialization helped in reducing the cost of production. Rise of Capitalism. Cottage system of production was greatly replaced by the factory system. Under the factory system capital is the crucial factor. Large-scale production further increased the need and significance of capital. This gave birth to capitalistic economy under which there are two classes of people, namely, capitalists and workers. The workers are purely wage earners dependent for their 'living on the capitalist employers.
The capitalist system also increased the importance of money as a medium of exchange, measure of value and store of value. Trade Cycles. Large-scale production accompanied by capitalism gave birth to trade cycles having successive periods of inflation arid depression. During the period of prosperity, there is high level-of employment and sustained rise is prices.
But during depression, there is large-scale unemployment decrease in demand and so on. Many weak firms are eliminated during the depression period. Standard of Living. Industrial revolution had a positive impact on the standard of living of the people. Factories produced goods of better quality and essays on gandhism cheaper rates for the consumption of the how to write a letter for college admission. This improved their standard of living.
Social and Political Effects of Industrial Revolution Industrial revolution not only affected the economy but also created certain social and political implications, which in turn created the need for organization of workers and later paved the way for trade unionism. Here let us discuss a few social and political effects of industrial revolution: i.
Industrial revolution led to the concentration of population in towns because factories and other establishments were located in the towns. This gave birth to the housing problem. Even now, lakhs of workers continue to live in slum areas in the industrial towns. Rise of Individualism. People from the villages came to the towns to find employment. Their close ties with the village, land and family were broken.
The industrial revolution created conditions under which workers aimed at material progress by working in the factories. This led to the disintegration of joint family life. Awareness of Rights. The industrial revolution gave birth to two classes, namely capitalists and workers. There was economic inequality between the rich and the poor. Slowly and slowly class-consciousness came in the minds of workers and they organized themselves in the form of unions to fight for their economic, social and political rights.
Poor Working Conditions. The workers were paid lower wages and they had to work under poor working conditions. There was no one to convince the factory owners about the need of good working conditions so long as trade unions did not protest.
This was an obstruction in increasing the productivity of the workers. Political Awareness. Industrial revolution increased the incomes and standard of living of the people. The earning people started spending more and more on the education of their essay on employment. Press also progressed a lot to air the grievances of the working class. These factors created political consciousness among the people. The workers demanded the right to form unions and to participate in the management of the industrial undertakings.
During the early period of industrialization, workers faced several problems in the factories. They got lower wages and worked under poor working conditions. So they organized themselves into trade unions to secure better wages and better conditions of work. The basic philosophy underlying trade unionism was through strength and collective support, the employers could be forced to listen to the workers and redress their grievances.
The weapons used included strikes, slowdowns, walkouts, picketing, boycotts and sabotage. Sometimes, even physical force was used. Trade unionism influenced the personnel management in such fields of activity as the adoption of employee grievance handling systems, the acceptance of arbitration as means of resolving conflict of rights, disciplinary practices, the expansion of employee benefit programmes, the liberalization of holiday and vacation time clear definition of job duties, job rights through seniority and the installation of rational and defensible wage structures.
Because of influence of trade unions, several employers in the U. They adopted paternalistic attitude towards the workers and invested on welfare activities for the betterment of workers. In several companies, personnel departments were set up around to look essay on employment functions like recruitment, training, motion study, record-keeping, essay on concentration, etc. Trade unionism in India developed quite slowly as compared to the western nations.
The main reason for the delayed start of the labour movement is the difference in her economic set up from those of the United Kingdom and the U. Though the foreign trading companies helped in the spread of trade and commerce in the country during the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth centuries, they were also instrumental in destroying indigenous industries. They were more interested in selling goods obtained from their own country and not in setting up production centres.
It was only during the 19th century, and especially during its second half, that a number of factories were set up essays with readings Calcutta and Bombay-jute mills in Calcutta and cotton textile mills in Bombay. Industrial capitalism was well established in Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries, but in India modern types of industries could be set up only during the middle of the 19th century.
Indigo plantations were the first to be started in followed by a cotton mill in Bombay inthe manufacture of jute in Calcutta inand the coalfields were connected by rail to the port city of Calcutta. These developments paved the way for development of industries in India.
The first indication of industrial unrest and earliest work stoppage came to the fore in on the initiative of weavers of Empress Mills, Nagpur. Though no trade union existed, the relations between employers and workers cannot be said to be peaceful. Evidence of short-lived strikes and their frequent occurrence is found at various centres such as Bombay and Surat. This reveals the unequal strength of the bargainers at that time.
The powerless workers in mild disputes were intimidated, dismissed and victimized by the employers. Inprobably for the first time, the workers struck work at the Budge Jute Mill, as a result of which the mills suffered a loss of Rs. The passing of the Factories Act in awakened the working class towards a concerted approach. Inthe first labour association, viz.
However, tillworkers had very little class consciousness and, therefore, they lacked the power of united action. In ':' was formed the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants c: India-consisting of Anglo-Indians and domiciled Europeans employed on railways and acted more as a friendly society than a combination for securing concessions.
Inanother organization was formed in Calcutta under the name of the Printers' Union. The Postal Union was formed in Bombay in These organizations formed on the lines of trade unions essays on gandhism may be considered as the pioneer organized labour associations in India.
Thus, it may be noted that there were no strong organizations for concerted action. Whatever trade unions emerged, they were of a purely local character at the level of individual mills.
The conditions of labour were essay on employment affected by the World War I and the unions could not do much to improve the lot of workers. Specific legislation for registration of trade unions was enacted only in As a matter of fact, the pressure exerted by the trade unions movement in the United Kingdom facilitated this legislation.
However, Mr. Wadia initiated the process through introduction of an element of militancy in the movement in India. The Textile Workers Unions set up by him in Madras in as an immediate success and through a number of strikes; he was able to get a lot of benefits for the workers. But the employers retaliated by filing a suit for damages against Mr.
Wadi, A. This led to focusing attention to the need for legislation for protecting trade union activities. On the other side of the country, a new experiment on the labour front was carried out. A strike was launched by the textile mill essay on employment relations in Ahmedabad in whose leadership was taken over by Mahatma Gandhi who turned it into a Satyagrah. From this was born in the famous Textile Labour Association of Ahmedabad.
With the formation of I. The Trade Unions Act gave legal status to registered trade unions and conferred on them and their members a measure of immunity from civil suits and criminal prosecution.
The Act gave legal status to unions and enhanced their position in the minds of employers and the general public. This Act was an important landmark in the history of trade union movement in India.
The failure essays on gandhism the Bombay Textile Strike of and the economic depression of that period brought a lull in trade union activity. But industries faced the problem of effective handling of labour-management relations.
The managements declared lock-outs to resist pressure by workers while workers essay on financial statements to strikes to pressurize managements for higher wage and better facilities.
The Government also intervened in many cases to resolve the disputes between the management and workers. This is how the industrial relations essay on employment relations consisting of three actors, i.
The first phase can be considered to have commenced from about the middle of the nineteenth century and ended by the end of the First World War. The second phase comprises the period thereafter till the attainment of the independence essay on concentrationand the third phase represents the post-independence era.
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First Phase: During the first phase, the British Government in India was largely interested in enforcing penalties for breach of contract and in essay on child welfare the conditions of work with a view to minimising the competitive advantages of indigenous employers against the British employers.
A series of legislative measures were adopted during the latter half of the nineteenth century, which can be the beginning of industrial relations in India. The close of the First World War gave a new twist to the labour policy, as it created certain social, economic and political conditions, which raised new hopes among people for a new social order. There was intense labour unrest because workers' earnings did not keep pace with the rising prices and with their aspirations.
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The establishment of ILO in greatly influenced the labour legislation and Industrial relations policy in India. Second Phase: The Policy after the First World War related to improvement in the working conditions and provision essay on child welfare social security benefits. It was a period of boom for employers.
With rising prices, their profits went up enormously. The wages of workers, however did not keep pace with this tendency. Their economic distress brought together and an organised working class movement began in the country resulting strikes or lockouts. During this period, as a essay on concentration of ILO influence, various laws were enacted i.
During the Second war, employers made enormous profits. The workers demanded a share in them. Bonus and dearness allowance were granted to them but as money wages did not increase in proportion to the rise in prices. Debapriya Sengupta Roy Assignment No 1. Assignment Title Understand the context of employee relations against a changing background Assignment Brief In this assignment students will distinguish between unitary and pluralistic perspectives with reference to employee relations, know the changes that have affected trade unionism.
Employee Relation Report Submitted to: Dean Horsman, Paul Dix Date: 20th December Abstract: The report gives a concise analysis of employee relation concepts like ER policies, management styles, workplace harmonisation, collective bargaining and analysis of trade union with respect to the employees and organisations.
Starting with a brief introduction, it continues to talk about the labour unions and its process of reorganisation.
It gives various drawbacks and benefits of union. Employee Relations Dr. At times, workers believe that they are not rightly compensated hence they resort to labor unions to air out their grievances. While unions are groups or organizations of workers that are formed to represent their members…. There have been various theories of industrial relations in place, but the first and most influential theory was put forward by John Thomas Dunlop. Dunlop, as a labor economist, remodelled the work of sociologists and developed a framework of industrial relations system.
They can include such things as the levels of employee commitment, job satisfaction and the quality of working conditions. Maintaining a strong employer and employee relationship can be the key to the ultimate success of WeaveTech. Strong employment relations create a pleasant atmosphere within the work environment; it increases the employee motivation and can also be increased through improved employee morale.
So they could have a united comparative essay rubric 6th grade in deciding Continue reading this essay Continue reading. Toggle navigation MegaEssays. Saved Essay on employment relations.